History of Law

Gateway to Freedom: Right of Assembly

Short video explaining Heffernan v. City of Paterson
Adèle Keim January 15, 2016

Adèle Auxier Keim, counsel for the Becket Fund, explains the First Amendment issues in the upcoming Supreme Court case, Heffernan v. City of Paterson.  Officer Heffernan was demoted by his employer after he was seen picking up a campaign sign in support of a rival politician, and claims that he was retaliated against in violation of the Constitution.  The City of Paterson argues that since Officer Heffernan was picking up the campaign sign for someone else, that there was no violation of the First Amendment.  This video explains the Constitutional Right of Freedom of Assembly and its role as gatekeeper for other Constitutional rights.

Ms. Keim co-authored an amicus brief for the Becket Fund in support of Officer Heffernan.

The Original View of Congress - Event Audio/Video

2015 National Lawyers Convention
Akhil Reed Amar, Louis Fisher, Tara Helfman, Gordon Lloyd, James L. Buckley November 16, 2015

What was the founders' conception of the role of Congress? Was that conception clearly understood? To what degree was that conception followed during our nation's early years and to what degree did early Congresses follow the Constitution? To what degree were members of Congress representing their districts and to what degree were they representing national interests? In what ways did the Senate and the House originally operate differently? Originally, the prevailing view was that “the laws that free men live under are the laws that have been hauled up." In other words, we are ruled by the laws that we and our neighbors made. Was this ever true?

Showcase Panel I: The Original View of Congress
9:30 a.m. – 11:15 a.m.
Grand Ballroom

  • Prof. Akhil R. Amar, Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science, Yale University
  • Dr. Louis Fisher, Scholar in Residence, the Constitution Project
  • Prof. Tara J. Helfman, Associate Professor of Law, Syracuse University College of Law 
  • Dr. Gordon Lloyd, Robert and Katheryn Dockson Professor of Public Policy, Pepperdine University School of Public Policy
  • Moderator: Hon. James L. Buckley, U.S. Court of Appeals, D.C. Circuit (ret.) and former U.S. Senator

The Mayflower Hotel
Washington, DC

The Constitutional Foundations of Intellectual Property -- A Natural Rights Perspective - Podcast

Intellectual Property Practice Group Podcast
Seth L. Cooper, Randolph J. May, Mark F. Schultz October 22, 2015

Protection of intellectual property (IP) rights is indispensable to maintaining a vibrant economy, especially in the digital age as creativity and innovation increasingly take intangible forms. Long before the digital age, however, the U.S. Constitution secured the IP rights of authors and inventors to the fruits of their labors. The essays in The Constitutional Foundations of Intellectual Property: A Natural Rights Perspective explore the foundational underpinnings of intellectual property that informed the Constitution of 1787, and it explains how these concepts informed the further development of IP rights from the First Congress through Reconstruction. The essays address the contributions of important figures such as John Locke, George Washington, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, Noah Webster, Joseph Story, Daniel Webster, and Abraham Lincoln to the development of IP rights within the context of American constitutionalism. Claims that copyrights and patents are not property at all are in fashion in some quarters. This book’s essays challenge those dubious claims. Unlike other works that offer a strictly pragmatic or utilitarian defense of IP rights, this book seeks to recover the Constitution’s understanding of IP rights as ultimately grounded in the natural rights of authors and inventors.


  • Seth L. Cooper, Senior Fellow, The Free State Foundation
  • Randolph J. May, President, The Free State Foundation
  • Prof. Mark F. Schultz, Senior Scholar & Co-Director of Academic Programs, Center for the Protection of Intellectual Property, George Mason University School of Law and Associate Professor, Southern Illinois University School of Law

The Constitution: An Introduction

Short Video about the Constitution
Michael S. Paulsen, Luke Paulsen September 18, 2015

Constitutional scholar Michael Stokes Paulsen and his son, Luke Paulsen, discuss the project of their joint co-authorship of The Constitution: An Introduction, written over the course of 9 years and published in 2015. The book presents a general readers' account of the Constitution, from its origins to its basic provisions to its interpretation. Buy the book: